In recent years several projects have brought renewable and decarbonised gases and the related innovative technologies together in ways that both demonstrated market readiness of the technologies and increased understanding of applications. Below are just a few examples of the ways in which innovative gas technologies are coming to life across Europe, all of which offer benefits for decarbonisation and climate neutrality.
The H21 project is advancing towards the first 100% hydrogen gas network for home heating across the north of England. The hydrogen will be produced using natural gas and carbon capture and storage. This will include 13% of UK homes, avoid 18 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions and use existing infrastructure to do so. This increased access to hydrogen in the region also offers potential for transport, decarbonisation of electricity generation and unlimited system coupling between gas and electricity.
The Store&Go involves hydrogen from power-to-gas being integrated into existing energy systems in Germany, Switzerland, and Italy. The hydrogen can be used in sectors which would be difficult to decarbonise otherwise – maritime and freight transport, home heating and industry. Another key objective of Store&Go is answering questions around business cases and how the regulatory and legislative landscape should be adapted to encourage broader uptake.
The Northern Lights project establishes the world’s first large scale open-source carbon capture and storage facility for multiple industries. Carbon dioxide from emissions sites will be shipped to an onshore facility then sent via a pipeline to a subsea storage facility in the North Sea. Although just two industrial sites will input at first, the facility has annual storage capacity of 5-10 million tonnes carbon dioxide and will later be opened to any industrial actor within reasonable shipping distance.
The SMART Green Gas project achieved increased efficiencies at every stage of the production of biomethane. Successes included improved systems for producing biogas and ground-breaking advances in repurposing. The high quality, low cost biomethane produced is being distributed to industry, transport networks and home heating systems through specialised injection into the grid, offering emissions reductions and air quality gains without requiring people to change their habits.
Jupiter 1000 is the first power-to-gas demonstration with a power rating of 1 MWe. Green hydrogen is produced using two electrolysers from 100% renewable energy. The project combines innovative methanation technology and carbon dioxide capture, with a view to developing technical and economic standards for a full-sized installation. Jupiter partners are working to see annual production of 15 TWh of gas from power-to-gas across France by 2050.
Through the Greening of Gas project biomethane, synthetic methane and hydrogen have been produced through power-to-gas for the first time in Czech Republic. The project has achieved progress in applications for transport, storage and distribution through existing infrastructure. Like other innovative gas projects, Greening of Gas partners have also been working to address public acceptance and legal barriers to further role out.