At the COP21 Paris climate conference in 2015, 195 countries signed an agreement to limit global warming to below 2°C. Meeting this goal requires rethinking how we all produce and consume energy.
Gas will play a significant role in achieving the aims of this agreement. Switching from coal to gas as fuel for power plants, using gas efficiently in industrial processes, using decarbonised or renewable gas, or teaming gas with renewable electricity are the main gas-based solutions that will play a part in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and building the energy system of the future.
Gas is, and will be in the future, a crucial complementary vector to ensure the necessary flexibility and reliability of an energy system that is becoming increasingly renewables-based. As a whole, gaseous energy and its associated networks can play a critical role in the decarbonisation of Europe’s energy mix.
Gas itself can be renewable and can be produced as biomethane, hydrogen or synthetic gas from various feedstocks (such as excess electricity from variable renewable sources, agricultural residues, municipal waste or sewage).
The EU Energy Efficiency measures are a tool to achieve well-designed gains towards the principal aim of lowering greenhouse gas emissions. Gas continues to offer major affordable gains in both energy efficiency and reduced emissions.
Modern gas appliances have the best efficiency rankings, in heating as well as in power generation; using them is the most economical way to reach quickly the European targets for energy efficiency.